Conservation deals with the study of natural resources and their management for sustainable use and their perpetual existence in their natural habitat. Natural resources should be protected in such a way that species should be protected from endangerment in their natural habitat. It leads to the understanding and documentation of plants diversity, conserving plant diversity and their sustainable use. Conservation of medicinal plants is an act of careful preservation and protection of natural resources or habitats of medicinal plants especially through planned management. Rajasthan State Medicinal Plants Board (RSMPB) is engaging in various conservation activities by developing sustainable way through central sector scheme on Conservation, Development and Sustainable Management of Medicinal Plants.